Category Archives: N-T

Naked Short Selling

The basic form of short selling is selling stock that you borrow from an owner and do not own yourself. In essence, you deliver the borrowed shares. Another form is to sell stock that you do not own and are not borrowing from someone. Here you owe the shorted shares to the buyer but “fail to deliver.”

National Debt

The total amount that the federal government has borrowed including internal debt (borrowed from national creditors) and external debt (borrowed from foreign creditors). National debt is comprised of: (1) Floating debt which is short term borrowings using treasury bills, ways-and-means advances, and money from the central bank. (2) Funded debt, short-term debt converted into long-term Read More…

Offer Price

It is only an offer and will not be accepted if the seller is not willing to let go at the offer price. This offer price pertains to all traded investments.

OHLC (Bar) Chart

Definition “OHLC” stands for “Open, High, Low, Close”, and this is a chart designed to help illustrate the movement of a stock’s price over time (typically a trading day, hour, or minute) Details OHLC charts are also known as “Bar Charts” because they display the information as a series of line segments instead of as Read More…

Oligopoly

An oligopoly is characterized by a small number of sellers who dominate an entire market. Like the more commonly heard of term ‘monopoly’, the term oligopoly is derived from the Greek words oligoi meaning ‘few’, and polein meaning ‘to sell.’ All of the firms who partake in an oligopoly are considered to be “very large Read More…

Open Interest

Definition Open Interest is the total number of options or futures contracts that are “open”, meaning currently owned by an investor and not yet expired. Details Think first in terms of options contracts: by owning an option, it signifies that there is interest in actually trading that stock, although at a different price. Since this Read More…

Opportunity Cost

Definition “Opportunity Cost” is what needs to be given up to get something. This is different from an item’s price. Imagine you want to buy some stock for your virtual portfolio – you can afford one share of either Apple () or Alphabet, Inc. (). Your Opportunity Cost of buying one is that you cannot also Read More…

Option Spreads

Options Spreads are option trading strategies which make use of combinations of buying and selling call and put options of the same or varying strike prices and expiration dates to achieve specific objectives (hedging, arbitrage, etc.). Option spreads are complex trades, but you can place two “legs” simultaneously using this trading platform. Trading Option Spreads To Read More…

Options Contract

An Options Contract is a contract which specifies how much of the underlying asset can be bought or sold at a specific price. An option contract to buy the underlying is a call option, and to sell the underlying is a put option. Most stock options contracts represent 100 underlying shares.