Category Archives: Finance

Creating Financial Statements

A company’s financial statements give investors, managers, and other “users” a complete, honest look at its financial health. Finished financial statements follow a standardized format, letting investors compare different companies in the same industry apples-to-apples. These include Income Statements, Balance Sheets, and Cash Flow statements.

Building Case Studies

The core components of a case are a summary of the company’s background, analysis of their background, the company’s internal strengths and weaknesses, their opportunities and threats, the external environment the they compete in, an evaluation of your SWOT analysis, and some recommendations to remedy potential issues you find.

Corporate Debt

Do you ever wonder how companies have the money to build new stores, develop new products, or perhaps even buy another company? Usually companies do not keep enough cash for these transactions sitting in their bank account – it needs to be raised from outside investors. This process creates corporate debt.

Ownership and Dividends

Owning a share in a company means that you are an integral part of the puzzle that helps the company tick. Typically, investors choose to own a stock for one of two profit driven reasons: the dividends they will receive from the company, or the hope that the stock price will increase and they will be able to sell it for a higher price than they purchased it at.

What is Solvency?

Solvency is the possession of assets in excess of liabilities, or more simply put, the ability for one to pay their debts. People and organizations who are not “Solvent” face bankruptcy

Risk Management Controls

Every business requires a solid risk management program that addresses property, liability, customers, employment, products, services, and everything else an organization. It should provide adequate internal control mechanisms, and a plan on what to do if something goes wrong.

Cash Flow Analysis

Cash flow is a concept in accounting that refers to the spending or receiving of cash by an organization.  For a given period, cash flow is calculated by ending cash balance less starting cash balance.  It is important not to confuse cash flow with earnings, as cash flow is related to solvency, not profitability.

Margin Trading and Market Timing – High Risk Investing

Margin trading is when you borrow money to invest. This increases the risk because now your returns need to not just make a profit, but more of a profit than you pay in interest. Market timing is also risky – instead of relying on fundamental business data, it means trying to pick the perfect hour, minute, or second to “beat” other traders who are trying to do the same thing.

Internal Risk Management

Risk Management is when a manager tries to organize his company (or business unit) to prepare in case of, and try to prevent, something going wrong. Risk management is one of the most important parts of management and internal controls